Mexico City is the country’s largest urban area and the main political, academic, economic, financial, business and cultural center, and home for the three branches of the federal government of the Mexican United States.
Mexico City stretches over 1,495 km2 (around 930 square miles) in the central-south portion of the country.
Mexico City’s climate is mild to cold and rainy, with an average temperature of 61 °F (16 °C), and maximum temperatures above 82 °F (28 °C) at the end of Spring. Winter temperatures tend to drop as low as 43 °F (6 °C).
Average weather in Mexico City in October is mild and rainy, with daily temperatures of about 64 °F (17°C), humidity at 74% and about 5” (127.8 mm) of rain during the month. History
The Mexica indigenous group founded their city, Tenochtitlan, in 1325 in the center of the Valley of Mexico, which would become what is known today as Mexico City, the capital of the Mexican Republic.
In the 16th century, the Mexica were defeated, and the city captured by the emerging Spanish Empire in 1521, an historical event known as the Conquista.
In 1535, the Viceroyalty of New Spain was officially created, and Mexico City was re-built and established on top of the ancient Tenochtitlan. It was declared the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain and became the political, financial and administrative center of the Spanish Empire’s territories in North and Central America.
Spain’s colonial rule ended with the War of Independence in 1821, with the triumphant entry of the rebel army—known as the Army of the Three Guarantees—into Mexico City.
In 1823, with the Proclamation of the First Federal Republic, the First Mexican Empire officially ended (1821-1823) and on November 18, 1824 Mexico City was declared a Federal District and the country’s official capital city.
In 1997, after years of demanding political autonomy, the city’s residents earned the right to choose a mayor (a position sharing the duties of a mayor and a governor) and a legislature by popular vote. Economy
Mexico City’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2017 represented 17.2% of the national total, with variations as compared with prior years of 0.58% in constant values. Tourism
Tourism is a major economic activity for Mexico City, which enjoys the greatest number of domestic and foreign tourists each year—around 29 million visitors in 2017. It is the most popular tourist destination of Latin America for foreign travelers, with 3.5 million persons arriving every year; in 2017 the city received tourism revenues for 113,721,000 Mexican pesos —9.4% more than the prior year. Based on studies of arrivals at the International Airport, the majority of tourists visiting Mexico City come from the United States.