Mexico City General Information

Mexico City is the largest urban center in the country, as well as the main political, academic, economic, financial, business and cultural center. Mexico City is also the seat of the three branches of the Mexican United States.

Geography

Mexico City is located in the Valley of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters and with a total area of 1,485 square kilometers, divided into sixteen delegations. The population of the capital is around 8.8 million people; along with its suburban area (Mexico City Metropolitan Area) has more than 21 million habitants, which makes it the third largest urban agglomeration in the world, and the largest in the America’s Continent, and the most populated Spanish-speaking city in the world.

Climate - Weather

Due to its high elevation above the sea, Mexico City has a weather ranging from temperate to cold and humid.

The urban area has a rainy temperate climate with an average of 16°C. The maximum temperatures in some days of late spring reach up to 28°C; and in winter the temperature tends to drop to up to 6°C.

In September, the average climatic parameters in Mexico City amount to a daily average temperature of 17°C, with a total rainfall of 127.8 mm and humidity of 74%.

History

Mexico City was founded by the Mexica people in the center of Valley of Mexico, with the name of Mexico-Tenochtitlan, in 1325. This city would become what it is now known as the capital of the Aztec Empire. In the sixteenth century, the Mexica people were defeated with the capture of the city by the emerging Spanish Empire in 1521, a historical event known as the Conquest of Mexico.

In 1535, the Viceroyalty of New Spain was officially created and Mexico City was rebuilt and established on the ancient Mexico-Tenochtitlan. It was declared as the capital of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which served as a political, financial and administrative center of Spanish Empire territories in North America, Central America, and Asia.

The Spanish control over the capital city finished at the end of Independence War in 1821, when the Army of Three Guarantees entered Mexico City.

In 1823, with the proclamation of the First Federal Republic, the First Mexican Empire (1821-1823) officially ended, and on November 18, 1824, as part of a federal regime, the Federal District was created around Mexico City to house the capital.

After years of demanding political autonomy, residents of the city were given the right to elect the Head of Government (a position that shares some functions of a mayor and some others of a state governor) and The Legislative Assembly by popular vote in 1997.

Economy

Mexico City has a GDP of 1.2 billion MXN. Listed as a global city, Mexico City is one of the most important financial and cultural centers in the Americas. It is one of the world’s fastest-growing cities, and its economy is expected to triple by 2020.

Tourism

Tourism in Mexico City is an important economic activity, with the first place at national level in terms of foreign and national tourist arrivals, with 13 million visitors. It is the first touristic destination for foreign visitors in Latin America with 3.5 million arrivals per year, which leaves an economic impact of about 600 dollars per visitor. Based on studies related to the international airport arrivals, most of the tourists entering Mexico City are from the United States.